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 Psychological Disorders

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Max Mayers
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PostSubject: Psychological Disorders   Wed Apr 25, 2012 5:49 am

~Click on the names for a more detailed description Smile


A
.:.Acute Stress Disorder.:.is a psychological condition arising in response to a terrifying or traumatic event.

.:.Autophagia.:.is when one is compelled to inflict pain upon oneself by biting and/or devouring portions of one's body. It is sometimes seen with schizophrenia.

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.:.Bipolar Disorder.:.describes a category of mood disorders defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated energy levels, cognition, and mood with or without one or more depressive episodes. The elevated moods are clinically referred to as mania or, if milder, hypomania. Individuals who experience manic episodes also commonly experience depressive episodes, or symptoms, or a mixed state in which features of both mania and depression are present at the same time.

.:.Brief Psychotic Disorder.:.is characterized by a sudden onset of psychotic symptoms, which may include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or behavior, or catatonic behavior.

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.:.Depersonalization Disorder.:.is a dissociative disorder in which the sufferer is affected by persistent or recurrent feelings of depersonalization and/or derealization. Diagnostic criteria include persistent or recurrent experiences of feeling detached from one's mental processes or body.

.:.Dissociative Identity Disorder.:.requires that at least two personalities (one may be the host) routinely take control of the individual's behavior with an associated memory loss that goes beyond normal forgetfulness; in addition, symptoms cannot be the temporary effects of drug use or a general medical condition.

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.:.Fregoli Delusion.:.is a rare disorder in which a person holds a delusional belief that different people are in fact a single person who changes appearance or is in disguise. The syndrome is often of a paranoid nature with the delusional person believing themselves persecuted by the person they believe is in disguise.

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.:.Generalized Anxiety Disorder.:.is a common chronic disorder characterized by long-lasting anxiety that is not focused on any one object or situation. Those suffering from generalized anxiety experience non-specific persistent fear and worry and become overly concerned with everyday matters.

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.:.Impulse Control Disorder.:.seeks a small, short term gain; in the case of these behaviours, this gain is at the expense of a large and long term loss. Those with the disorder repeatedly demonstrate failure to resist their behavioral impetuosity.

.:.Intermittent Explosive Disorder.:.is a behavioral disorder characterized by extreme expressions of anger, often to the point of violence, that are disproportionate to the situation at hand.

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.:.Megalomania.:.is a psycho-pathological condition characterized by delusional fantasies of power, relevance, or omnipotence. 'Megalomania is characterized by an inflated sense of self-esteem and overestimation by persons of their powers and beliefs'.

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.:.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.:.is a type of anxiety disorder primarily characterized by repetitive obsessions (distressing, persistent, and intrusive thoughts or images) and compulsions (urges to perform specific acts or rituals).

.:.Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.:.is a personality disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency.

.:.Oneirophrenia.:.is a hallucinatory, dream-like state caused by several conditions such as prolonged sleep deprivation, sensory deprivation, or drugs. It has some of the characteristics of simple schizophrenia, such as a confusional state and clouding of consciousness, but without presenting the dissociative symptoms which are typical of this disorder.

.:.Oppositional Defiant Disorder.:.is a diagnosis described as an ongoing pattern of anger guided disobedience, hostilely defiant behavior toward authority figures which goes beyond the bounds of normal childhood behavior.

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.:.Panic Disorder.:.is where a person suffers from brief attacks of intense terror and apprehension, often marked by trembling, shaking, confusion, dizziness, nausea, difficulty breathing. These panic attacks, defined by the APA as fear or discomfort that abruptly arises and peaks in less than ten minutes, can last for several hours and can be triggered by stress, fear, or even exercise; the specific cause is not always apparent.

.:.Paranoid Personality Disorder.:.is a mental disorder characterized by paranoia and a pervasive, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others. Individuals with this personality disorder may be hypersensitive, easily feel slighted, and habitually relate to the world by vigilant scanning of the environment for clues or suggestions that may validate their fears or biases. Paranoid individuals are eager observers. They think they are in danger and look for signs and threats of that danger, potentially not appreciating other evidence.

.:.Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.:.is an anxiety disorder which results in from a traumatic experience. Post-traumatic stress can result from an extreme situation, such as combat, natural disaster, rape, hostage situations, child abuse, bullying or even a serious accident. It can also result from long term (chronic) exposure to a severe stressor.

.:.Pyromania.:.in more extreme circumstances can be an impulse control disorder to deliberately start fires to relieve tension or for gratification or relief.

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.:.Sadomasochism.:.describe a personality type characterized by the actor or actrix deriving pleasure and gratification from inflicting physical pain and humiliation (sadism); however it is difficult to distinguish this from the exercise of the purest sentiment of justice, and the sacred need of the expression of judgement, punishment, and from suffering pain and humiliation upon the self (masochism). Sadism can be defined as a serious, asexual activity to which one is devoted, perhaps psychologically definable as pure black, while sexuality is considered obscene and demeaning, and to be despised in the exercise of at times unexpressed pure sadism.

.:.Schizophrenia.:.is a mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought processes and by poor emotional responsiveness. It most commonly manifests itself as auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction.

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~Side Note: If you want to be a patient with some disorder that is not listed, send any of the Admins a private message so we can add it into the list. Just please think about it well because it needs to be a disorder that could be able to cause you to commit a crime =)
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